Environmental upgrading in global value chains
Poulsen, René Taudal, Stefano Ponte, and Henrik Sornn-Fiese. “Environmental upgrading in global value chains: The potential and limitations of ports in the greening of maritime transport”. Geoforum. 89. (2018): 83-95.
This study examines the motivating factors and likelihood of sustainable tool implementation amongst ports seeking to seeking to participate in voluntary environmental management initiatives. Evidence suggests that ports can intervene in two main ways to improve the environmental performance of maritime transport beyond their organizational and physical boundaries: by lowering tool implementation complexity through stronger collaboration within global value chains; and by enhancing emission visibility through alliances with cargo-owners and regulators.