Environmental effects of marine transportation
- Tony Walker
- Olubukola Adebambo
Monica Del Aguila Feijoo
Stuart Johnston Edwards
Walker, T.R., Adebambo, O., Del Aguila Feijoo, M.C., Elhaimer, E., Hossain, T., Johnston Edwards, S., Morrison, C.E., Romo, J., Sharma, N., Taylor, S., Zomorodi, S. (2019) “Environmental effects of marine transportation.” In: Word Seas: An Environmental Evaluation, Vol III: Ecological Issues and Environmental Impacts. (Ed.) (pp. 505-530). Academic Press. Charles Sheppard, Elsevier.
This chapter aims to describe the main environmental effects of marine transportation while also documenting what mitigative measures, legislative tools, and environmental performance indicator frameworks are available to address these global issues. The research indicates that mandatory compliance with IMO regulation, greater environmental awareness amongst the shipping personnel, and further green incentives remain necessary.