Do eco-ratings improve the environmental performance of ships?
- René Taudal Poulsen
- Roberto Rivas Hermann
Carla K. Smink
René Taudal Poulsen, Roberto Rivas Hermann and Carla K. Smink. “Do eco-ratings improve the environmental performance of ships?.” Marine Policy. 87. (2018): 94-103.
This paper examines if eco-rating schemes improve environmental outcomes in the international shipping industry. Despite previous research calling for a collaboration amongst shipping companies, shippers, ports, and investors driven by eco-certification schemes, these collaborations have failed to develop in any significant fashion. Cargo-owners and ports have developed separate schemes, but do not exercise joint or uniform environmental pressure on shipping companies.